These limitations are based on the fact that a hypothesis must be testable and falsifiable and that experiments and observations be repeatable. This places certain topics beyond the reach of the scientific method. Science cannot prove or refute the existence of God or any other supernatural entity.
There are those, of course, who have suggested, in all seriousness, that science and religion are antagonistic.
The various Christian churches of the world have in common a supernatural theology which few scientists can bring themselves to accept. The attitude of the scientist toward authority is often misunderstood, and becomes a source of confusion in communicating with those in other disciplines.
The scientist recognizes no authority except an empirical observation of nature. The scientist insists that students work in the laboratory to teach them this attitude toward authority.
The student seldom verifies any law very accurately and never verifies all laws, but he does become convinced that empirical observation is the ultimate court of appeal which can be invoked if necessary for any statement or law of his science.
This attitude toward authority prevents the scientist from accepting the religious interpretation of mystical experiences. He has been trained to distrust his own personal experiences and emotions.
Such an acceptance is impossible for him, and he can only conclude that the mystic has never encountered the feeling of conviction which the scientist finds in empirical validation.
Rational behavior consists in being guided by the predictions of the most successful known model theory of natural lawpp. And so, with a stroke of the pen, anything of real importance has been relegated, by definition, to the realm of the empirical.
This, of course, is not true science, but rather is the philosophy of scientism, which maintains that a complete explanation of all phenomena is possible from a few basic natural principles. Such statements are representative of a certain kind of built-in bias. Their zeal has a fanatical, egocentric quality characterized by disdain and intolerance for anyone or any value not associated with a special area of intellectual activityp.
They do not seem to realize that science—as great as it is—is not without its own limitations. The honest scientist admits, frankly and candidly, the limitations inherent in his method.
Adherents of scientism, on the other hand, suggest that science can provide answers to any and all questions—something that science is not equipped to do! If those of us in the scientific community would do a better job of explaining to the public at large how science works, and the limitations of the scientific method, the alleged antagonism between science and religion would dissipate.
The problem is not public ignorance, but public alienation. Moreover, the chief reason for this alienation is the reluctance of most professional scientists to be as objective about themselves, their values, their goals, and their intellectual methods as they claim to be about interpreting specific data.
For a variety of reasons—a litany of grievances that is so commonplace it need not be repeated here—a significant part of the general public has become distrustful of those goals, values and methods.
If they are valid today, they need new validation and not simply reassertion. If they are superstitions, i. And the discussion of all this must be public, else it will carry no conviction to the disenchanted laity who provide the support for sciencep.
Nor can there be any doubt about the benefits that have accrued to mankind as a result of scientific endeavor. However, as great as science is, and as wonderful as its benefits for humankind have been, the scientific method nevertheless is subject to certain limitations.In this day of iPods, cell phones, the Internet, and other fruits of modern science and technology, most people have at least a passing awareness of the concept of the scientific method.
Scientific Method 1 Science and the Scientific Method Anyone who has ever read a mystery novel or seen a “whodunit” on TV, has seen the scientific method. Books shelved as scientific-method: Mesmerized: How Ben Franklin Solved a Mystery that Baffled All of France by Mara Rockliff, Charlotte the Scientist Is.
Science and Its Limits: The Natural Sciences in Christian Perspective by Del Ratzsch is a useful and concise philosophy of science primer from a Christian point of view. The text is a brief pages and is easy to read, yet covers the subject well.
The chapter focuses on three principal subjects: the scientific world view, scientific methods of inquiry, and the nature of the scientific enterprise. Chapters 2 and 3 consider ways in which mathematics and technology differ from science in general. Its teachings need to be used as the presuppositions that guide scientific study False Many claim that if science and the bible are joined in this way, science will become ____ also called "false science".