I respect Richard immensely, but I have a problem describing as "gentrification" middle-class white people moving back to neighborhoods that were initially settled by middle-class white and black people, but that became slums after white flight in the s. To me, that is recovery, plain and simple.
Resource Bank Contents By slavery was primarily located in the South, where it existed in many different forms. African Americans were enslaved on small farms, large plantations, in cities and towns, inside homes, out in the fields, and in industry and transportation.
Though slavery had such a wide variety of faces, the underlying concepts were always the same. Slaves were considered property, and they were property because they were black. Their status as property was enforced by violence -- actual or threatened.
People, black and white, lived together within these parameters, and their lives together took many forms. Enslaved African Americans could never forget their status as property, no matter how well their owners treated them.
But it would be too simplistic to say that all masters and slaves hated each other.
Human beings who live and work together are bound to form relationships of some kind, and some masters and slaves genuinely cared for each other. But the caring was tempered and limited by the power imbalance under which it grew.
Within the narrow confines of slavery, human relationships ran the gamut from compassionate to contemptuous.
But the masters and slaves never approached equality. The standard image of Southern slavery is that of a large plantation with hundreds of slaves. In fact, such situations were rare.
Whites who did not own slaves were primarily yeoman farmers. Practically speaking, the institution of slavery did not help these people. And yet most non-slaveholding white Southerners identified with and defended the institution of slavery.
Though many resented the wealth and power of the large slaveholders, they aspired to own slaves themselves and to join the priviledged ranks. In addition, slavery gave the farmers a group of people to feel superior to.
They may have been poor, but they were not slaves, and they were not black.
They gained a sense of power simply by being white. In the lower South the majority of slaves lived and worked on cotton plantations. Most of these plantations had fifty or fewer slaves, although the largest plantations have several hundred.
Cotton was by far the leading cash crop, but slaves also raised rice, corn, sugarcane, and tobacco. Many plantations raised several different kinds of crops.
Besides planting and harvesting, there were numerous other types of labor required on plantations and farms.
Enslaved people had to clear new land, dig ditches, cut and haul wood, slaughter livestock, and make repairs to buildings and tools. In many instances, they worked as mechanics, blacksmiths, drivers, carpenters, and in other skilled trades.
Black women carried the additional burden of caring for their families by cooking and taking care of the children, as well as spinning, weaving, and sewing. These people were designated as "house servants," and though their work appeared to be easier than that of the "field slaves," in some ways it was not.
They were constantly under the scrutiny of their masters and mistresses, and could be called on for service at any time.
They had far less privacy than those who worked the fields. Because they lived and worked in such close proximity, house servants and their owners tended to form more complex relationships.Published: Tue, 19 Dec Introduction. The first African slaves arrived in Virginia, North America in As the plantations of the antebellum south flourished, the African slave trade gained momentum.
America in the Antebellum Period: A Nation Both United and Divided Scott Willis Dr. Register History 12/11/08 Historians mark the year as the end of the Revolutionary period in America. America in the Antebellum Period Essay America in the Antebellum Period: A Nation Both United and Divided Scott Willis Dr.
Register History 12/11/08 Historians mark the year as the end of the Revolutionary period in America. Freedom’s Story is made possible by a grant from the Wachovia Foundation.
Freedom’s Story Advisors and Staff Rooted in Africa, Raised in America. - Antebellum is defined at barnweddingvt.com as "Belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War."1 In the Antebellum period in the South, many people owned slaves.
In the south, plantations were "the most basic unit and the most vital element of the Southern antebellum economy."2 But at the heart of these plantations were. The following is a list of letters, speeches, documents, web sites, books, and articles on significant people and events in American political thought and history.