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The child welfare system is a group of services designed to promote the well-being of children by ensuring safety, achieving permanency, and strengthening families to successfully care for their children. Most families first become involved with the child welfare system due to a report of suspected child abuse or neglect sometimes called "child maltreatment".
Child maltreatment is defined by Federal law 1 as serious harm neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse or neglect caused to children by parents or primary caregivers, such as extended family members or babysitters. Child maltreatment can also include harm that a caregiver allows to happen or does not prevent from happening to a child.
In general, child welfare agencies do not intervene in cases of harm to children caused by acquaintances or strangers. These cases are the responsibility of law enforcement.
Many organizations in each community work together to strengthen families and keep children safe. Public agencies departments of social services, child and family services, etc.
Child welfare systems are complex, and their specific procedures vary widely by State. The purpose Child welfare this fact sheet is to give a brief overview of the purposes and functions of child welfare from a national perspective. Child welfare systems typically: Receive and investigate reports of possible child abuse and neglect.
Provide services to families who need assistance in the protection and care of their children. Arrange for children to live with foster families when they are not safe at home.
Arrange permanent adoptive homes or independent living services for children leaving foster care.
What happens when a report of possible abuse or neglect is made? Any concerned person can report suspicions of child abuse or neglect.
Most reports are made by "mandatory" reporters persons who are required by State law to report suspicions of child abuse and neglect. In approximately 18 States, any person who suspects child abuse or neglect is required to report.
Reports of possible child abuse and neglect are generally received by child protective services CPS workers and either "screened in" or "screened out.
In the yearan estimated total of 2. Approximately 67 percent 1.
CPS workers often called "investigators" respond within a particular time period anywhere from a few hours to a few days depending on the type of maltreatment alleged, the potential severity of the situation, and requirements under State law.
They may speak with the parents and other people in contact with the child such as doctors, teachers, or childcare providers. Some jurisdictions now employ an "alternative response" system.
In these jurisdictions, when risk to the children involved is considered to be low, the CPS caseworker may focus on assessing family difficulties and offering needed services, rather than gathering evidence to confirm the occurrence of abuse or neglect.
At the end of an investigation, CPS workers typically make one of two findings— "unsubstantiated" "unfounded" or "substantiated" "founded". These terms vary from State to State. Typically, a finding of "unsubstantiated" means there is insufficient evidence for the worker to conclude that a child was abused or neglected, or what happened does not meet the legal definition of child abuse or neglect.
A finding of "substantiated" typically means an incident of child abuse or neglect as defined by State law is believed to have occurred. Some States have additional categories, such as "unable to determine," that suggest there was not enough evidence to either confirm or refute that abuse or neglect occurred.Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store.
Exploring Child Welfare: A Practice Perspective, with Enhanced Pearson eText -- Access Card Package (7th Edition) (Merrill Social Work and Human Services).
About us. Established in , The American Legion Child Welfare Foundation was developed as a repository of funds from individuals who wished to contribute to the betterment of children in this country.
Operating within the University of South Florida's College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, Department of Child and Family Studies, the Center works in collaboration with the Department of Children and Families to ensure information contained on this site is accurate and useful to child welfare professionals and others.
The Association and its sister organisations recently launched (April ) online version of Code of Behaviour (Underage), the joint Code of Best Practice in Youth Sport.
The welfare of children is not a topic that is limited to the confines of a country border. It is a global concern. The internet directory Cybo has the widest coverage and the most comprehenisive set of contact information to date.
The child welfare system is a group of services designed to promote the well-being of children by ensuring safety, achieving permanency, and strengthe.