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Looked after children are also often referred to as children in care, a term which many children and young people prefer. Each UK nation has a slightly different definition of a looked after child and follows its own legislation, policy and guidance.
But in general, looked after children are: This means that many of the looked after children in Scotland are still living at home, but with regular contact from social services. There are a variety of reasons why children and young people enter care.
The child could be an unaccompanied asylum seeker, with no responsible adult to care for them. Children's services may have intervened because they felt the child was at significant risk of harm.
If this is the case the child is usually the subject of a court-made legal order. A child stops being looked after when they are adopted, return home or turn However local authorities in all the nations of the UK are required to support children leaving care at 18 until they are at least This may involve them continuing to live with their foster family.
Most children in care say that their experiences are good and that it was the right choice for them Biehal et al, But more needs to be done to ensure that all looked after children are healthy and safe, have the same opportunities as their peers and can move successfully into adulthood.
Impact Impact of being looked after Looked after children come from a range of different backgrounds and have varied experiences of care. Each child has their own different and specific sets of needs. However research can give us an insight into how their experiences before and during care makes them a particularly vulnerable group of young people.
Previous experiences of abuse Children may enter care for all sorts of reasons. But many enter because they have been abused or neglected. These experiences can leave children with complex emotional and mental health needs, which can increase their vulnerability to abuse Bazalgette, Rahilly, and Trevelyan, ; Luke et al, Placement instability and disrupted relationships with caregivers Many children move repeatedly in and out of care, or between placements.
Placement breakdowns can have a detrimental impact on a child's emotional wellbeing and mental health. It can also prevent them forming stable relationships with the adults who could help protect them Rahilly and Hendry, Peer violence and abuse Many looked after children have previous experiences of violence, abuse or neglect.
Often they display behavioural problems and attachment difficulties problems forming secure relationships which are associated with their negative life experiences. This means that some find it hard to develop positive peer relationships.
The care system can struggle to provide effective management and interventions to address these problems Bazalgette, Rahilly, and Trevelyan, Going missing Looked after children are more likely to go missing than their peers.
Children may run away from care for all sorts of reasons. Comparisons with other groups of children Research suggests that when looked after children are compared with children in the general population, they tend to have poorer outcomes in a number of areas such as educational attainment and mental and physical health Rahilly and Hendry, However, this is not necessarily the case when they are compared with other groups of children who are likely to have had similar experiences, such as children in need.
One study, which analysed Government data, found that looked after children who were continuously in care in England had better educational attainment than children in need Sebba et al, Support Supporting looked after children Providing children in and on the edge of care with the support they need, when they need it, can help them to achieve their potential.
Deciding whether a child should enter care Children who come into care are often known to social services for a number of years before action is taken Masson et al, For many children the need to enter care could have been identified at a much earlier stage.
This means that when they do enter care they can experience greater degrees of difficulty, and the specialist services they require are less likely to have an impact Davies and Ward, The New Orleans Intervention Model, first developed in the USA, helps social workers and judges decide whether a child should stay with their birth family or enter care permanently.
The model puts a child's attachment relationships at the heart of decision making, ensuring they experience a positive and secure care setting as early in life as possible. Achieving these aims requires: Supporting looked after children Providing a secure, caring environment can help looked after children overcome their early life experiences.
NSPCC research has identified five priorities for change to improve the emotional and mental health of looked after children.
Embed an emphasis on emotional wellbeing throughout the system. Professionals working in the care system need the skills and knowledge to understand how they can support the emotional wellbeing of looked after children and young people.Prologue.
Fueled by impassioned social media activists, the Common Core State Standards have been a persistent flashpoint in the debate over the direction of American education.
Learning outcome 1 – Understand how the Social, Economical and Cultural environments can impact on the outcomes and life chances of Children and Young People: Describe the Social, Economic and Cultural factors that will impact on the lives of Children and Young People: There are many Social.
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[page unnumbered] FOREWORD BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION AND SCIENCE. This report is about a complex and important subject.
The response of the education service to ethnic diversity concerns all who have responsibilities in education as well as all parents and their children.
Sep 10, · The physical environment of the school speaks to the contribution that safe, clean, and comfortable surroundings make to a positive school climate in which students can learn.
Physical environment is related to both student achievement and student behavior. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.