See the accompanying Hispanic statistical portrait for detailed notes on each of the measures in this table.
The terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" refer to an ethnicity ; people of this group may be of any race.
Hispanic people may share some commonalities in their language, culture, history, and heritage. According to the Smithsonian Institutionthe term "Latino" includes peoples with Portuguese roots, such as Braziliansas well as those of Spanish-language origin. Others are wholly or predominantly of European ancestry or of Amerindian ancestry.
Many Hispanics and Latinos from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well.
Census Bureau equates the two terms and defines them as referring to anyone from Spain and the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas. This is now the common formal and colloquial definition of the term within the United States, outside of New Mexico.
One definition of Latino is "a Latin male in the United States". Under this definition, immigrants from Spain and immigrants from Latin America are both Latino. This definition is consistent with the 21st-century usage by the U.
A later definition of Latino is as a condensed form of the term "Latino-Americano", the Spanish word for Latin-American, or someone who comes from Latin America. A Brazilian American is also a Latino by this definition, which includes those of Portuguese-speaking origin from Latin America.
However, an immigrant from Spain would be classified as European or White by American standards but not Latino by this definition.
Census Bureau's definition of "Hispanic" is limited to Spanish-speaking Latin America, other government agencies have slightly different definitions of the term. Unlike the Census Bureau's definition, this clearly includes people with origins in Portuguese-speaking countries.
Preference of use between the terms among Hispanics and Latinos in the United States often depends on where users of the respective terms reside. For example, a group of mixed or unknown gender would be referred to as Latinos.
In the 21st century, the neologisms Latinx and Latin  were coined as a gender-neutral alternative to this traditional usage.
The symbol is seen as containing both the masculine 'o' and feminine 'a', thus serving a similar purpose. Built in by the Spanish, it is the oldest masonry fort in the United States.
This section needs expansion with: You can help by adding to it. January See also: Hispanic Heritage Sites U. Spanish explorers were pioneers in the territory of the present-day United States. They turned back to the interior, reaching their destination of Mexico City.
InHernando de Soto undertook an extensive exploration of the present United States. Other Spanish explorers of the US territory include, among others: In all, Spaniards probed half of today's lower 48 states before the first English colonization effort in at Roanoke Island off the East Coast.
Inthe Spanish created the first permanent European settlement in the continental United States, at St.“These young Latinos are U.S. born, going through U.S.
schools,” Lopez said, “yet they grew up in Latino households, exposed to the culture of their parents’ home country — that is the. Statistical portrait of Hispanics in the United States.
By Antonio Flores. Key Charts; Current Data; Trend Data; Previous Years’ Data; There were million Hispanics in the United States in , accounting for % of the total U.S. population. In , with a population of million, Hispanics made up just % of the total U.S.
population. Hispanic/Latinos overall are the second-largest ethnic group in the United States, after non-Hispanic whites (a group which, like Hispanics and Latinos, is composed of dozens of sub-groups of differing national origin).
As the major driver of U.S. demographic change, Latinos arereshaping key aspects of the social, economic, political, andcultural landscape of the country. In the process, Latinos arechallenging the longstanding black/white paradigm that has beenused as a lens to understand racial and ethnic matters in theUnited States/5(3).
How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing By Antonio Flores The Latino population in the United States has reached nearly 58 million in and has been the principal driver of U.S.
demographic growth, accounting for half of national population growth since Aug 29, · Hispanic origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors before arriving in the United States.
People who identify as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be any race.