Groupthink prevents these benefits due to structural faults and provocative situational context Groupthink prevention methods will produce better decisions An illusion of well-being is presumed to be inherently dysfunctional. Group pressures towards consensus lead to concurrence-seeking tendencies. It has been thought that groups with the strong ability to work together will be able to solve dilemmas in a quicker and more efficient fashion than an individual. Groups have a greater amount of resources which lead them to be able to store and retrieve information more readily and come up with more alternative solutions to a problem.
Explanation[ edit ] The term was introduced by management expert Jerry B. Harvey in his article "The Abilene Paradox: The Management of Agreement".
The wife says, "Sounds like a great idea. I just hope your mother wants to go. I haven't been to Abilene in a long time. When they arrive at the cafeteria, the food is as bad as the drive. They arrive back home four hours later, exhausted. One of them dishonestly says, "It was a great trip, wasn't it?
The husband says, "I wasn't delighted to be doing what we were doing.
I only went to satisfy the rest of you. I would have had to be crazy to want to go out in the heat like that.
The group sits back, perplexed that they together decided to take a trip which none of them wanted. They each would have preferred to sit comfortably, but did not admit to it when they still had time to enjoy the afternoon.
Ronald Sims writes that the Abilene paradox is similar to groupthink, but differs in significant ways, including that in groupthink individuals are not acting contrary to their conscious wishes and generally feel good about the decisions the group has reached.
In Sims' view, groupthink is a psychological phenomenon affecting clarity of thought, where in the Abilene paradox thought is unaffected.
This action-anxiety arises from what Harvey termed "negative fantasies"—unpleasant visualizations of what the group might say or do if individuals are honest about their opinions—when there is "real risk" of displeasure and negative consequences for not going along. The individual may experience "separation anxiety", fearing exclusion from the group.
For example, Harvey himself cited the Watergate scandal as a potential instance of the Abilene paradox in action. Harvey quotes several people indicted for the cover-up as indicating that they had personal qualms about the decision but feared to voice them.
For one instance, campaign aide Herbert Porter said that he "was not one to stand up in a meeting and say that this should be stopped", a decision he then attributed to "the fear of the group pressure that would ensue, of not being a team player".Groupthink is a term first used in by social psychologist Irving L.
Janis that refers to a psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group.
In many cases, people will set aside their own personal beliefs or . Of course you shouldn’t tolerate the “intolerable” What I would advocate is trying to expand one’s definition of tolerable.
Spending one’s effort in a fight, either political or a literal war, is not usually a good way to increase utility. Then you have experienced or witnessed a phenomenon known as 'groupthink.' We explain the same, along with some famous groupthink examples from across the board.
Follow Us: Learn: The Psychological Phenomenon of 'Groupthink' With Examples. Have you ever agreed with your friends on something just to avoid feeling left out? Or have .
New Ideas in Science Dr. Thomas Gold Dept.
of Astronomy Cornell University, Ithaca NY From the J. of Sci. Exploration, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp , (c) Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
Group members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints by actively suppressing dissenting viewpoints, and by isolating. The Closing of the Liberal Mind: How Groupthink and Intolerance Define the Left [Kim R.
Holmes] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State and currently a Distinguished Fellow at the Heritage Foundation.